Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich, and Wolfgang Banzhaf (2001)
Spontaneous Formation of Proto-Cells in an Universal Artificial Chemistry on a Planar Graph
in: J. Kelemen and P. Sosik (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Life (Proc. 6th European Conference on Artificial Life), LNCS 2159, pp. 206-215, Prague, September 10-14, 2001. Springer, Berlin.
An artificial chemistry is embedded in a triangular planar graph giving the molecules the possibility to act only locally along the edges. We observe the formation of effectively separated components in the graph structure. Those components are kept differentiated by elastic reactions from molecules generated inside the component itself. We interpret those components as self-maintaining cells and the elastic nodes as their membrane. The possibilities for these cells to be autopoietic are discussed.